The name Anthony is derived from the old Roman clan or family name Antonius. Antonius is probably of Etruscan origin.
The name was origianlly spelled without an "h", Antony. The letter "h" was inserted in the seventeenth century, under the mistaken belief that the name derived from the Greek word anthos meaning flower.
One of the most famous members of the family was Marcus Antonius known in English as Mark Antony.
Mark Antony (83-30 BC) was a Roman general who ruled the Roman Empire jointly with Octavian and Lepidus, in the Second Triumvirate.
He was known for both a tumultuous political and personal life. Discord between Octavian and Antony, broke up the triumvirate and caused a civil war. As depicted in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra, he and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide after his repeated military defeats against Octavian.
Anthony is still a very popular name in many countries today, including the French Antoine, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese Antonio and the German Anton.
Variants of the name Antoinette include Anthonique, Antionea, Antionette, Antoaneta, Antoinetta, Antonese, Antonetta, Antonette, Antonia, Antoniana, Antoniata, Antonieta, Antonietta, Antoniqua, Antonique, Antrinette, Antrunette, Antwanette, Antwyneice, Antxone, Tonae, Tonea, Tonya.
The name Antoinetta is a form of Antoinette.
Antoinette has the diminutives (nicknames) Tone, Tony.
French names have similar origins to those of other old-world European nations. They are often derivations of place names or trade names, or have their basis in history, mythology, religion or nature. They may also be created names.
The popularity of hyphenated names is a unique feature of French given names. For example Paul-Henri or Anne-Marie. A hyphenated name is considered a single unit first name, not separate first and middle names. Hyphenated names may be of the same or different genders. The first part of the name will always indicate the holder's gender.
Masculine names may be made feminine with the addition of -e, -ette, or -ine as suffixes.