The etymology and meaning of Athena is uncertain but is often given as "wise" because Athena is the Greek mythological goddesss of wisdom.
There are a number of proposed etymologies for example one by Plato in the Cratylus that the name is derived from the Greek theou noesis, "the mind of god".
In Greek mythology Athena is the daughter of Zeus, the ruler of the Olympian gods. She is the goddess of wisdom, courage, war, justice, mathematics, crafts, arts and literature. She is the virgin patroness of Athens.
According to mythological legend, Athena sprang fully grown and clothed in armor from her father's head. Her father Zeus, had been with his first wife, Metis. As it had been prophesized that Metis would bare children more powerful than their father, Zeus abruptly swallows Metis in an effort to stop the prophecy. But Metis is already pregnant. Metis begins to make a helmet for her daughter. The hammering of the helmet causes Zeus to have a great headache. His head is split open in order to alleviate the pain, allowing Athena to emerge.
The owl is her bird, the olive her tree.
She is credited with the creation of many things including the chariot, the ship, the bridle and the flute.
Minerva is Athena's counterpart in Roman mythology.
Variants of the name Athena include Athene, Athina.
Athena falls into the Greek myth name category.