Petra is a form of the name Peter.|
Peter Pan is a fictional character that was created by Scottish novelist and playwright J.M. Barrie.
The name Peter is derived via Latin from the Greek word petros meaning "stone or rock".
The name has very been popular through the ages and was the given name of many famous people including the most well known of Christ's apostles and a Russian Tsar.
Many children's book characters have also been bestowed the name including "Peter Pan", "Peter Rabbit" and Peter from "Peter and the Wolf".
The Russian Tsar, Peter The Great, (officially Peter I) was born in 1672 and died in 1725. He ruled Russia and later the Russian Empire from 1682 until his death.
He has been credited with bringing great reforms to Russia including centralizing the government, modernizing the army, creating a navy and transforming Russia into a major European Empire via land conquests.
Peter opened Russia to Western influences, encouraging the best European engineers, architects, craftsmen and shipbuilders to come to Russia to help modernize the country.
Visually breathtaking and hidden amidst nearly impenetrable mountains to the east running from the Gulf of Aqaba to the Dead Sea the ancient city of Petra is an abandoned necropolis of temples and tombs cut directly into towering cliffs of red, pink and orange sandstone.
The city of Petra (meaning ‘the rock’ in Greek) was discovered in 1812 by the young Swiss explorer Johan Ludwig Burckhardt. The area harbors archaeological evidence of many cultures from many periods. Around 1200 BCE, the Edomites (Edom, meaning red, is the Biblical name for this region of the Middle East) occupied the area. During the 6th – 4th centuries BCE, the Nabataeans, a nomadic tribe from the northwestern part of Arabia, began to take over the lands making this area their capital.
By far the best known tourist attraction in Jordan, the "lost city" of Petra was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Tours enter through a 1.5 km winding narrow gorge (Siq) surrounded by soaring vertical cliffs of sandstone which exit upon the most famous Petra structure, the 40 meter high Treasury (Al-Khazneh). Petra may be reached by day tour from the Israeli resort city of Eilat or Amman, Jordan.