A classic feminine name, Sophia has been the number one U.S. girls name from 2011 - 2013.
The name Sophia first gained notoriety through St. Sophia a legendary saint who is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church and probably stemmed from a misinterpretation of the phrase Hagia Sophia meaning "holy wisdom".
The name has gained in popularity many times.
During the Middle Ages it was popular amongst European royalty.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, it gained in popularity in England due to the influence of the German royal dynasty, the House of Hanover, who inherited the British throne, and was used by author Henry Fielding in the novel Tom Jones (1749).
It again gained popularity in the 1940s and 50s due to the popularity of actress Sophia Loren.
In more recent years, the name has again seen an upswing in popularity.
It's French variation Soph
The names Sofia, Sofija, Sofiya, Sofya, Sohvi, Sophie, Tzofiya, Zofia, Zofie, Zsofia are all forms of Sophia.
Some famous bearers of this name include: Sophia Loren.