Henry derives from two Germanic elements, haim meaning "home" and ric meaning "power ruler". It was introduced to Britain by the Normans and has been borne by eight kings of England. In its various forms, it has also been a popular royal name in many European countries.
Henry Tudor was born on June 28, 1491 in Greenwich Palace the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Upon the death of his brother Arthur in 1502, Henry became the next in line to the thrown. On April 22, 1509 King Henry VII died and his son became King Henry VIII reigning until his death in 1547.
In his youth, Henry was a slim, tall, intelligent, charismatic, highly educated and accomplished man. He spoke many languages, wrote books (including a highly popular book attacking Martin Luther) and was fond of hunting and tennis. He was also an accomplished musician and composer and an enthusiastic patron of the arts. This is a far cry from his later years, and how he tends to be remembered, morbidly obese, ill of health, egotistical, brutal and lustful.
Henry III was one of the most influential monarchs in English history.
Henry was only the second monarch of the House of Tudor as the Tudor dynasty had only been established in 1485. Because of this, he desired a male heir in order to maintain power. He believed the dynasty was not secure enough to have a female successor. His desire for a male heir, led to the two things that he is most remembered for today, his six wives including the beheading of two, and the English Reformation which led to the separation from the Roman Catholic Church and papal authority and the formation of the Church of England.
Variants of the name Henry include Henrye.
The names Anrai, Eanraig, Einri, Emre, Endika, Enrique, Hainrich, Hajnrich, Hanraoi, Heinrich, Hendrik, Hendry, Hendrych, Henri, Henric, Henrick, Henricus, Henrie, Henrieeta, Henrietta, Henrik, Henrique, Henriques, Henryk, Imrich, Jindrich are all forms of Henry.
Henry has the diminutives (nicknames) Hal, Hank.
Some famous bearers of this name include: Henry Kissenger, Henry Hudson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Henry Ford, Henry Fonda, Henry viii.
Traditional or old world Germanic names have two parts. One part indicates the gender and the other the characteristic of the person. For example, Adelbert or Albert is composed of adel meaning noble and a derivation of beracht meaning bright or shining.
Given names are generally gender specific. Male names cannot be used for females and vice versa. The only exception to this rule is "Maria" which can be used as a male second name as in Erich Maria.
German children are given one or many pre-names (vornames). Only one of these names however is used as their main name or call name (rufname). Parents choose a name because they like it or they may name a child after a relative. Religious catholics frequently give saints names as secondary names. Some combinations of male first and second names such as Hans-Joseph are traditionally hyphenated. The maximum number of first names is five.
Germany has very strict naming laws. Names must be known as a human names. For example, pet names, common nouns, place names and invented names are not allowed. They must also not be offensive or humiliating. The Name Registrar (Standesbeamter) has the right to bar a name. Parent's can appeal the Standesbeamter's decision in court.
Given names may only be changed to correct an error made by the state when recording the name, naturalization of foreigners who may wish to take on a more Germanic version of their name and gender reassignment by transsexuals.